(written from a Production point of view)
While trying to rescue the Starfleet ship USS Defiant, Captain Kirk disappears when the dead ship is pulled into interspace. The Enterprise is then attacked by a mysterious local race, the Tholians.
As the USS Enterprise searches for the USS Defiant, which vanished without a trace in unsurveyed space three weeks earlier, they encounter a glowing object that, according to sensors, is apparently not really there. As the ship moves closer, Captain Kirk identifies it as the Defiant and prepares to board the ship. Kirk, Spock, McCoy, and Chekov beam over to the vessel's bridge in environmental suits, and discover the entire bridge crew dead and the Defiant's commanding officer lying near his chair with another officer's hands on his neck, both dead.
When the party sees the ship's captain having been strangled by a crewman and the dead bridge crew, Chekov asks if there is any record of a mutiny on a Federation starship, and Spock says, "Absolutely no record of such an occurrence, ensign." When they discover there are no life signs on the vessel, the party splits up to investigate.
McCoy checks out sickbay and finds many dead crewmen, some restrained to the biobeds, while Chekov finds that the life support section and engineering are littered with dead bodies. After giving his report to Kirk, Chekov suddenly becomes dizzy and loses his balance. McCoy reports that the crew of the Defiant seems to have killed each other, but he cannot determine why. According to the ship's log, the surgeon on board didn't know what was going on either. He encounters a translucent dead body and can pass his hand through both it and a table in sickbay. He determines that the Defiant is dissolving. Kirk orders McCoy to return to the Defiant's bridge immediately. As the Defiant starts to "blink" on and off, repairs are under way on the Enterprise's transporter, which Montgomery Scott reports has become "jammed up." When Kirk and and the rest of the party are ready for beam-out, only three of the landing party can go at once. Spock requests permission to remain behind, but Kirk orders him back to the Enterprise and remains behind himself.
During transport, Scott and Lieutenant O'Neil have trouble getting the three officers to materialize. The Defiant continues to blink on and off, and Scott eventually gets Chekov, Spock, and McCoy back onto the Enterprise. Kirk waits on the Defiant's bridge while the Enterprise tries to beam him aboard. The Defiant disappears and Kirk is lost with it.
Back on the bridge, Spock explains that Kirk has slipped into another universe. He has determined that an interphase occurs for short periods during which one may travel between universes occupying the same point. In two hours, the computer calculates, another interphase will occur. However, the Enterprise must not expend any energy or the dimensional rift will be damaged and Kirk will be lost forever. During this explanation, Chekov becomes enraged and attacks Spock. In the struggle, Chekov is subdued when Spock applies a Vulcan nerve pinch to him. The Enterprise crew is subject to the same plague of madness that destroyed the crew of the Defiant. Spock must stay close to the space the Defiant was in in order to rescue Kirk at the right moment, or he will die, as his environment suit can provide air for only 3.62 hours.
The conversation is interrupted by the approach of a geometric, rainbow-colored ship. A Tholian commander named Loskene informs the crew that they are trespassing on territory of the Tholian Assembly and they must leave immediately. Spock says that the Enterprise is engaged in a rescue mission but Loskene points out that there is no other ship present. In the interests of "interstellar amity", Loskene agrees to wait until exactly one hour and fifty-three minutes when the Defiant reappears from the interspatial rift, the time Spock had calculated.
When the time comes for the interphase, everything goes wrong. In sickbay, an orderly attacks Dr. McCoy, who was trying to find a cause of the mental derangement. Nurse Christine Chapel administers a hypospray to subdue the orderly. The time for the interphase comes and goes, but the Tholian ship's engines have disrupted the timing of the interphase. McCoy reports that the sickness is not due to an infectious agent. Instead, the area of space they are in is damaging the Human nervous system. This conversation is interrupted when the Tholians fire upon the Enterprise. Spock mutters, "The renowned Tholian punctuality."
Spock does not wish to attack but locks phasers on target and hails the Tholians. They do not respond, and he orders Sulu to fire phasers. The Tholians stand down but the ship's power converters become fused and the Enterprise is adrift. Another Tholian ship appears, and the two touch aft ends briefly before separating, weaving a web between them. Spock analyzes the web and concludes that it is made of energy. However, "there is no analog to this structure in Federation technology." He announces that if the structure is completed before their repairs are done, the Enterprise will not see home again.
Approximately two dozen crew members assemble for Kirk's memorial service. So far, McCoy's attempts to make an antidote for the space the spaceship is in have failed, while theragen was promisingly tested so far. Spock speaks, noting Kirk's concern for his crewmembers that led him to stay aboard the Defiant. Spock repeats the sequence of events that led to Kirk's disappearance and says that the crew must accept the fact that their captain is no longer alive. One of the crew members becomes unstable at this point, screaming and yelling, and must be removed and taken to sickbay under restraint. Spock concludes that "I shall not attempt to voice the quality of the respect and admiration Captain Kirk commanded. Each of you must evaluate the loss in the privacy of your own thoughts." Scott calls the crew to order, and they observe a moment of silence.
After the crew is dismissed, McCoy informs Spock that Kirk has left a message in his quarters that was to be played in the event that the captain is declared dead. McCoy persuades Spock to view the message, but first berates the Vulcan for attacking the Tholians and reducing the Enterprise's chances of escape. McCoy accuses him of attempting to usurp Kirk's command. After their argument, they play the message, and in it Kirk asks Spock to temper logic with intuition, and if he needs help with the latter he should consult with McCoy. He also tells McCoy to remember that Spock is now the captain and that his command decisions must be followed. McCoy apologizes to Spock for his earlier outburst and they leave to attend to their duties.
Meanwhile, Uhura is off-duty in her quarters dressed in her civilian wear. She feels a sudden pain, and when she recovers she sees an image of Kirk wearing an environmental suit in her mirror. She runs out into a corridor and tells McCoy what she saw, but he takes her to sickbay as if she had been hallucinating. She wants to tell Spock, but she faints. In the engine room, another crewman goes berserk and attacks Scott. McCoy is attempting to synthesize an antidote that will counteract the debilitating effects of interspace. When McCoy returns to the bridge, Scott reports that he also sees an apparition of Kirk. Scott returns to the bridge. Spock and McCoy are talking there when suddenly McCoy appears to be fainting. Spock catches him and then turns to see the image of the captain, who appears to be trying to shout something. The captain's image then disappears.
When Uhura is released, the crew's fortunes begin to change. Spock and Scott have calculated the next time that Kirk will appear. McCoy has found an antidote for the mental degradation with a diluted theragen derivative. Theragen, a Klingon nerve gas, while toxic in its pure form, merely acts as a powerful nerve blocker when dissolved in alcohol. Spock is understandably reluctant to take this antidote, but McCoy orders him to and tells him that it's the "Human" thing to do. Scott, on the other hand, likes it well enough that when he leaves he takes the rest of the bottle with him, presumably to see how it will taste mixed with Scotch.
At the next interphase, Kirk appears in space near the Enterprise. The ship attempts to rescue Kirk, but the ship is thrown clear of the web when it tries to resist a Tholian tractor beam. Thankfully, since Kirk was locked into the transporter beam, he was also dragged along.
McCoy and Nurse Chapel stand by in the transporter room with a hypo of tri-ox compound, as Kirk's environmental suit is beginning to run out of air and he is about to suffocate. Kirk is successfully beamed back by O'Neil aboard the Enterprise and revived.
Kirk is back in uniform and sitting in the captain's chair on the bridge, and tells Spock and McCoy that after the Defiant was thrown out of the interphase, he had a whole universe to himself, but he prefers a crowded one instead. He asks them how they got along, and Spock and McCoy say that things went all right, for the most part. Kirk says he hopes his last taped orders were helpful, but Spock and McCoy lie and say that they were so busy with the crisis that they never got a chance to listen to them. Kirk gives them both a doubtful look and orders Sulu to take the Enterprise to warp factor two.
- "Captain's log, stardate 5693.2. The Enterprise is approaching the last reported position of the starship Defiant, which vanished without trace three weeks ago. We are in unsurveyed territory."
"The renowned Tholian punctuality."
- - Spock, as the Tholian ship fires on the Enterprise precisely when the allotted time is up
"I shall not attempt to voice the quality of respect and admiration which Captain Kirk commanded. Each of you must evaluate the loss in the privacy of your own thoughts."
- - Spock, declaring Kirk dead
"He was a hero in every sense of the word, yet his life was sacrificed for nothing."
- - McCoy, on Kirk's death
"Doctor, I am in command of the Enterprise."
"I would like to remedy that situation."
- - Spock and McCoy, before viewing Kirk's last orders
"You might find that he is capable of Human insight and Human error."
- - Kirk's last orders to McCoy, on Spock
"He's alive! He's alive, Doctor!"
- - Uhura, dashing to McCoy after seeing Kirk
"In critical moments, men sometimes see exactly what they wish to see."
"Do you suppose they're seeing Jim because they've lost confidence in you?"
- - Spock and McCoy, on the sightings
"I'm sure the captain would simply have said: 'Forget it, Bones'."
- - Spock, accepting McCoy's apology
"One good slug of this, and you can hit a man with phaser stun, and he'd never feel it or even know it."
"Does it make a good mix with Scotch?"
"I'll let you know." (Scott walks out with the flask)
- - McCoy and Scott, on the antidote
"I see him!"
"There he is!"
"It's the captain!"
- - Uhura, Chekov, and Sulu see Kirk through the Enterprise's viewscreen
"I must say I prefer a crowded universe much better."
- - Kirk, commenting on his interspace experience
"What orders are you referring to, Jim?"
- - Spock and McCoy, denying that they viewed Kirk's last orders
- Unsolicited script by Judy Burns and Chet Richards, titled "In Essence -- Nothing", 7 April 1968
- Story outline by Burns and Richards, 1 May 1968 
- First draft teleplay, 31 May 1968
- Revised first draft teleplay, 11 June 1968
- Second revised first draft teleplay, 17 June 1968
- Second draft teleplay, 25 June 1968
- Revised teleplay by Arthur Singer, titled "The Tholian Web", 11 July 1968
- Final draft teleplay, 30 July 1968
- Additional page revisions by Fred Freiberger, 31 July 1968, 1 August 1968, 2 August 1968, 3 August 1968, 6 August 1968
- Filmed: 5 August 1968 – 12 August 1968
- Day 1 – 5 August 1968, Monday – Desilu Stage 9: Int. Kirk's quarters, Transporter room
- Day 2 – 6 August 1968, Tuesday – Desilu Stage 9: Int. Engineering, Sickbay, Medical lab
- Day 3 – 7 August 1968, Wednesday – Desilu Stage 9: Int. Bridge (Defiant), "Limbo" (last day of Ralph Senensky)
- Day 4 – 8 August 1968, Thursday – Desilu Stage 9: Int. Bridge (first day of Herb Wallerstein)
- Day 5 – 9 August 1968, Friday – Desilu Stage 9: Int. Bridge
- Day 6 – 12 August 1968, Monday – Desilu Stage 9: Int. Bridge, Uhura's quarters, Spock's quarters, Corridors, Chapel (redress of Briefing room), Tholian mask VFX shot
- Original airdate, 15 November 1968
- Rerun airdate, 19 August 1969
- First UK airdate 1 December 1971
- Remastered episode airdate, 31 March 2007
Story and productionEdit
- Ralph Senensky began the direction of this episode but was fired and replaced by Herb Wallerstein. Senensky used the fisheye lens camera effect to show the viewpoint of a person affected by interspace. This technique had previously been used by Senensky in "Is There in Truth No Beauty?". (The Trek 25th Anniversary Celebration)
- This is the first episode with Al Francis as the director of photography, replacing Jerry Finnerman. Previously Francis worked on the series as Finnerman's camera operator.
- Judy Burns, a freelance writer, penned this episode, co-written by her husband Chet Richards, to earn money for a study trip to Africa. 
- Burns came up with the idea of spirits floating in space and around the Enterprise. However, Gene Roddenberry specified in the Writer's Guide for the series that the stories of Star Trek must be based on science and cannot feature unexplained supernatural events. Hence, Burns came up with the idea of the interdimensional rift. 
- Several changes were made from Burns and Richards' early draft ("In Essence – Nothing") to the final draft ("The Tholian Web") including: 
- International adaptations of this episode's title include: 
- Japan – "Crisis of Captain Kirk, Who Was Thrown into Different-Dimensional Space"
- Germany – "The Spider Web"
- Portugal – "The Web"
- France and Quebec – "The Tholian Trap"
- Nichelle Nichols described "The Trouble with Tribbles" and "The Tholian Web" as two of her favorite shows. In "The Tholian Web", "we think Kirk is dead and I see him floating through the walls of my quarters. That was fun to do – of course, I enjoyed anything that I was able to get out of uniform." (The World of Star Trek, p. 113)
- This is one of the few episodes in which all of the regular second and third-season characters – Kirk, Spock, McCoy, Scott, Sulu, Uhura, Chekov, and Chapel – appear.
- The close-up of McCoy's hand as it goes through a dead body in the Defiant's sickbay, was filmed in post-production, on an insert stage. 
- The special effects in this episode, as originally aired, were a collaboration by Mike Minor and Van der Veer Photo Effects. Minor said of his work on this installment, "Finally, 'The Tholian Web' came up. That was the one [episode] I worked longest on; it involved three or four months out at Frank Van der Veer's Optical Company. I storyboarded the 17 cuts of effects that the script called for, shot the raw footage and executed all of the animation plates […] I'm told there was a $90,000 optical bill on that one show." (Starlog, issue 25, pp. 36 & 61)
Sets and propsEdit
- This episode introduced a more spaceworthy environmental unit, replacing the suits first seen in "The Naked Time". These suits were created by Costume Designer William Ware Theiss and consisted of silver lamé with a fabric helmet with screen mesh visor.  This allowed the actors to breathe more easily while wearing the suit. (The Trek 25th Anniversary Celebration) Mike Minor, together with Theiss, constructed the helmets. (Starlog, issue 25, pp. 35, 61)
- The space suits were made from a very slick material resembling silver lamé and featured no zippers in order to achieve a completely smooth, unseamed look. As a result, when any of the actors had to visit the men's room, they had to completely remove the costume, then put it back upon returning to the set. This ate up precious shooting time. 
- The space suits were later reused in "Whom Gods Destroy".
- One of the helmets was worn by Conrad Janis in the "Mork and Mindy" first season episode "Mork Goes Public". 
- 'Dr. McCoy's Space Suit from "The Tholian Web"' was sold on 7 October 2006 as Lot 978 in the 40 Years of Star Trek: The Collection auction. The auction estimate for the suit was US$6,000- $8,000; the sale price was US$120,000 ($144,000 with premium). Spock's suit was previously sold as Lot 149 in the Profiles in History auction, The Ultimate Sci-Fi Auction of 26 April 2003, also having had an estimate of US$6,000-$8,000.
- The ship's chapel, which had previously appeared in "Balance of Terror", was a redress of the briefing room. (The Making of Star Trek incorrectly states it was a redress of the transporter room.)
- Denis Russell was involved with the Tholian ship's special effects. (X)
- This is the first appearance of a Tholian in Star Trek. In this appearance, the Tholian was portrayed simply by a mask, created by Mike Minor. (Star Trek Encyclopedia)
- The antique Napoleon III ebonized cabinet pedestal found in Spock's quarters had previously appeared in the films It's a Wonderful Life and Citizen Kane. The piece, which was originally part of the RKO Property Department, later came into the possession of Paramount Pictures, and was sold in late 2008 as part of the "Profiles in History" auction, where it was sold for US$6,000. 
- The lab apparatus and tubing that McCoy uses in attempting to synthesize the theragen derivative appears to have been recycled from "The Devil in the Dark", where it was used as part of Scott's makeshift replacement for the main circulating pump of the PXK pergium reactor.
- The operations division uniform with lieutenant commander's braid, originally made for Doctor Ann Mulhall in "Return to Tomorrow", is worn by an unnamed female background character during the chapel scene. She is sitting on a bench directly behind McCoy.
- This episode is the only time that Spock refers to McCoy as his nickname, Bones, and even then, it is to tell McCoy what Kirk would say.
- This is the third time that the Enterprise has encountered another Constitution-class starship with the entire crew dead. The others were in "The Doomsday Machine" and "The Omega Glory". By the end of "The Ultimate Computer" a fourth Constitution-class, the Excalibur, is also lifeless.
- The Defiant is not among the names of the fourteen Constitution-class starships that were established in The Making of Star Trek.
- The approximately two dozen crew members who attend Kirk's memorial service appear to constitute the largest assemblage of Enterprise personnel in the original series.
- The Exo III graphic from "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" reappears in the sickbay of the Defiant.
- According to Mike Sussman, ENT: "In a Mirror, Darkly" and "In a Mirror, Darkly, Part II" were written to be 'a prequel to "Mirror, Mirror" and a sequel to "The Tholian Web",' two of his favorite episodes. (X) In regards to the creating a sequel, "For me, it was an irresistible idea that the USS Defiant from "The Tholian Web" was still floating out there somewhere in interphase, and we never knew what happened to it," Sussman said. "To me that was a tantalizing story idea I wanted to explore." (X)
- No insignia was created for the Defiant crew's tunics; however, in creating "In a Mirror, Darkly", the wardrobe department came up with something new: "a variation on the standard Starfleet arrowhead, tilting it and adding an extra angle to its shape." (X) In the original TOS episode, some Defiant crew members may be seen wearing the Enterprise assignment badge. 
- In "Turnabout Intruder", Kirk (in Janice Lester's body) mentions the events of this episode to try to convince Spock of the mind switch.
- In this episode, Spock says there is "absolutely no record" of a mutiny on a Federation starship. This contradicts the instance that the crew of the Enterprise mutinied in "This Side of Paradise", and was again contradicted only seven episodes later in "Whom Gods Destroy", in which it is revealed that his crew had mutinied against Captain Garth in the past. Also, in the later series Star Trek: Discovery, Commander Michael Burnham is court-martialed and convicted of mutiny during the Battle of the Binary Stars some 12 years before the events of "The Tholian Web". In the latter case, however, Burnham was later pardoned and her record expunged, which may explain the seeming inconsistency.
- The episode features a blooper when stock footage of Chekhov in front of the viewscreen is used moments after his character is escorted to sickbay after displaying signs of the space madness.
- Scotty's hair returns to its more familiar style from the first and second season in this episode after James Doohan objected to the combed back style producers had experimented with at the start of the third season.
- Star Trek was nominated for an Emmy Award for the special effects in this episode. Mike Minor, who once mistakenly reported that this outing actually won the Emmy Award for its effects, was somewhat relieved by such recognition. Influenced by the award nomination, he later stated about his work herein, "I guess it was worth it." (Starlog, issue 25, p. 61)
The remastered version of "The Tholian Web" aired in many North American markets during the weekend of 31 March 2007. Some of the effects shots were virtual recreations of the original footage, whereas others were more dynamic and showed angles of both starships never before seen. The Tholian starship retained the essential design elements of the original model, but more detail and internal lights were added. The scene involving Commander Loskene was left intact and no new images of the Tholians were shown.
- The next remastered episode to air was "The Immunity Syndrome".
Video and DVD releasesEdit
- Original US Betamax release: 1988
- UK VHS release (two-episode tapes, CIC Video): Volume 33, catalog number VHR 2385, 5 November 1990
- US VHS release: 15 April 1994
- UK re-release (three-episode tapes, CIC Video): Volume 3.3, 6 October 1997
- Original US DVD release (single-disc): Volume 32, 28 August 2001
- As part of the TOS Season 3 DVD collection, 6 December 2004 (region 2) and 14 December 2004 (region 1)
- As part of the TOS-R Season 3 DVD collection, 18 November 2008 (region 1)
Links and referencesEdit
- James Doohan as Scott
- George Takei as Sulu
- Walter Koenig as Chekov
- Nichelle Nichols as Uhura
- Majel Barrett as Nurse Chapel
- Sean Morgan as Lt. O'Neil
- Barbara Babcock as Loskene (voice)
- Majel Barrett as the computer voice
- Paul Baxley as the Defiant captain
- William Blackburn as Hadley
- Bob Bralver as a Enterprise berserker engineer
- Frank da Vinci as
- Louie Elias as a Enterprise berserker at funeral service
- Roger Holloway as Roger Lemli
- Jay Jones as a Enterprise dizzy engineer
- Jeannie Malone as a Enterprise yeoman
- Unknown actors as
- Defiant command crewman 1
- Defiant medical technician 1
- Defiant medical technician 2
- Defiant operations ensign
- Defiant operations crewmen in sickbay (×4)
- Defiant operations crewmen in engineering (×7)
- Defiant sciences crew woman
- Defiant sciences crew women in sickbay (×3)
- Defiant sciences crewmen in sickbay (×3)
- Enterprise command crewman 1, 2, and 3
- Enterprise command lieutenant 1 and 2
- Enterprise command senior officer
- Enterprise crewman 1
- Enterprise crew woman 1 and 2
- Enterprise lieutenant
- Enterprise operations crewman 1, 2, and 3
- Enterprise operations senior staffer
- Enterprise operations lieutenant commander
- Enterprise orderly
- Enterprise sciences crewman 1 and 2
- Enterprise sciences crew woman 1 and 2
- Enterprise sciences lieutenant
- Frank da Vinci as stunt double for DeForest Kelley
- Jay Jones as stunt double for James Doohan
- Jesse Wayne as stunt double for Walter Koenig
admiration; advice; air; alcohol; analogy; analysis; annexation; answer; "around the clock"; assault; "at least"; "at once"; attention; "at the moment"; battle; behavior; biochemistry; "Bones"; brain; brain tissue; brand (economics); career; central nervous system; channel; chest; computer; confidence; Constitution-class; coordinates; "course of action"; crisis; damage control report; data; death; deception; deck; diagnosis; Defiant, USS; "dismissed"; "display of force"; distance; distress signal; doorway; drifting; emergency maintenance power; emergency manual monitor; energy field; environmental unit; estimation; evaluation; evidence; Exo III; experiment; fact; Federation; Federation technology; filtering agent; frequency; hailing frequency; hand; health; hero; hole; home; horror story; hour; hypo; impulse engine; information; insight; intercept vector; interphase; interphase area; interspace; intravenous; intuition; "I see"; jamming signal; judgement: kilometer; Klingon; knowledge; laboratory; library computer console; life; life support; life support system; logic; Loskene's ship; loyalty; main viewer; margin for error; margin of variation; mass analysis; meaning; medal; medical lab; medical report; medical staff; medical surgeon; Medical Surgeon, USS Defiant; memorial service; mental disease; mental state; message tape; minute; mirror universe ("Defiant's universe"); molecular structure; mutineer; mutiny; neck; nerve gas; nurse; "of course"; "on the double"; oral; order; orderly; oxygen; pain; parsec; permission; phaser; phaser power; phaser range; phaser tracking control; power; power supply converter; privacy; problem; programming; property; punctuality; radiation; range; readout; red alert; region; remedy; rescue operation; respect; risk; sample; scanner; Scotch; second; Section A4; Section C13; security squad; sensors; sensor range; shield; shock; ship's log, USS Defiant (NCC-1764); space; spasm; speed of light ("c"); squad; starship; status report; strap; symptom; table; tactical situation; theragen; Tholian; Tholian Assembly; Tholian sector; Tholian ship; Tholian web; thought; time; tractor field; transporter accident; transporter beam; transporter frequency; transporter range (aka beaming range); transporter room; trespassing; tri-ox compound; universe; velocity; Vulcan; Vulcan neck pinch; warp engine; "what the devil"; week; word
- "The Tholian Web" at StarTrek.com, the official Star Trek website
- "The Tholian Web" at Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek works
- "The Tholian Web" at Wikipedia
- "The Tholian Web" at MissionLogPodcast.com, a Roddenberry Star Trek podcast
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