The Merchant of Venice was a play written by dramatist William Shakespeare.
In 2293, General Chang paraphrased lines from play, saying "Tickle us, do we not laugh? Prick us, do we not bleed? Wrong us, shall we not revenge?" while his Bird-of-Prey attacked the USS Enterprise-A over Khitomer. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country)
In 2364, under the influence of polywater intoxication, Data used a slightly rephrased quote from the play to finish his explanation of his similarity to Humans saying, "I have pores. Humans have pores. I have fingerprints. Humans have fingerprints. My chemical nutrients are like your blood. If you prick me, do I not leak?" (TNG: "The Naked Now")
In 2364 and 2367, several pages of this play from The Annotated Shakespeare were on display in Captain Jean-Luc Picard's ready room and quarters on the USS Enterprise-D. (TNG: "The Battle", "The Arsenal of Freedom", "Suddenly Human") In 2370, pages from this play from the same book were on display in Data's quarters. (TNG: "Force of Nature")
As Luther Sloan explained to Kimara Cretak in 2375 "The phrase 'never say die' was originally from a nineteenth century poem based on Shakespeare's 'Merchant of Venice'. It has since passed into the vernacular as an exhortation never to give up, no matter what the cost." (DS9: "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges")
Background information Edit
The identification of illustrations was made by Jörg Hillebrand and Bernd Schneider for Ex Astris Scientia.  Pages of this play were, also, seen in the episodes "We'll Always Have Paris" and "The Child".
The poem to which Sloan refers is "The Merchant of Venice: A Legend of Italy" by Richard Harris Barham.
- The Merchant of Venice at Wikipedia
- The Merchant of Venice at Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek works
- Full text of The Merchant of Venice at The Literature Network
- Text of "The Merchant of Venice: A Legend of Italy" by Richard Harris Barham at PoemHunter.com
- The Merchant of Venice at Project Gutenberg