Tarkalean sheep were a type of sheep tended to by Tarkalean herders.

In 2372, the Ferengi imposed a six percent tariff on Karemman fleece imported from the Karemma, claiming that it was added to help offset the "lost income of Tarkalean sheep herders". (DS9: "Starship Down")

In a mission in Star Trek Online, B'vat says "And just like a Tarkalean sheep, you will be blindly led to the slaughter."