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Sun Tzu was a Chinese general and philosopher from Earth's ancient history. He was known for his influential text The Art of War.

Sun Tzu once said that "the greatest victories are those won without fighting"[1]. When Malcolm Reed quoted him thus to Marab in 2154, the Klingon replied with the opposite viewpoint of Kahless, who had once said "there is no victory without combat". (ENT: "Divergence")

Sun Tzu also said "All warfare is based on deception. When you are able to attack, you must seem unable."[2], as well as "He will triumph who knows when to fight and when not to fight"[3], and "Know your enemy and know yourself, and you will always be victorious" (DIS: "Battle at the Binary Stars";TNG: "The Last Outpost")

The strategies of Sun Tzu were still taught at Starfleet Academy during the 24th century. Both Jean-Luc Picard and William T. Riker were familiar with his works; upon reading Riker's mind in 2364, Portal 63 was fascinated by Sun Tzu's wisdom and considered it similar to Tkon thinking. (TNG: "The Last Outpost")

  1. "Therefore, one who is skilled in warfare principles subdues the enemy without doing battle, takes the enemy's walled city without attacking, and overthrows the enemy quickly, without protracted warfare." - Chapter 3 saying 8
  2. "Warfare is the Way of deception. Therefore, if able, appear unable; if active, appear inactive; if near, appear far; if far, appear near." - Chapter 1 sayings 13-14
  3. "Therefore, there are five factors of knowing who will win: (1) One who knows when he can fight, and when he cannot fight, will be victorious; (2) One who knows how to use both large and small forces will be victorious; (3) One who knows how to unite upper and lower ranks in purpose will be victorious; (4) One who is prepared and waits for the unprepared will be victorious; (5) One whose general is able and is not interfered by the ruler will be victorious. These five factors are the way to know who will win." - Chapter 3 sayings 18-22

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