(written from a Production point of view)
The first releases of Star Trek: The Original Series on Betamax in the US took place in 1980. Paramount Home Video issued five volumes with two episodes each under the "Television Classics" banner. A further one-off release took place in 1982 under the Paramount Gateway Video label of the episode "Space Seed", coinciding with the theatrical release of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.
A complete release of the series would eventually follow starting from 1985. Paramount issued episodes in batches, or "Groups" every few months in broadcast order (though the tapes were numbered in production order). Each tape contained a single episode and each Group had around 10 episodes each. Both parts of "The Menagerie" were issued on a single tape. These releases concluded in 1988 with the release of Groups 7 and 8 which contained the remaining episodes.
"The Cage" was released twice. The first had the black & white scenes from Gene Roddenberry's copy of the original episode, while the second was the "rediscovered" all color version and was labeled as tape 99.
A few Betamax tapes were issued in the UK by CIC Video and other labels in the early 1980s.
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