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South America was a continent on Earth and, along with neighboring North America, was the ancestral home of the Native American Human tribes. The cities of Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires were located on the South American continent, as were the regions of Brazil, Chile, Peru, and Venezuela. The equator, a line of latitude which divided Earth into northern and southern hemispheres, ran through this continent.
At some point Harcourt Fenton Mudd began a raktajino business in Colombia, distributing the Klingon coffee throughout the Federation. It was a popular beverage on Deep Space 9. (The Art of Star Trek; DS9: "Trials and Tribble-ations")
In the Julian Bashir, Secret Agent holoprogram, Hippocrates Noah had a laser site in South America. The continent was one of the last to be flooded when Julian Bashir activated the lasers himself. (DS9: "Our Man Bashir")
|Continents of Earth|
|Africa • Asia • Antarctica • Australia • Europe • North America • South America|
Background information Edit
The map used in the original "The Cage" was published in the early 1960s. The landmass of northern South America was seen on a political map of the northern hemisphere. Decades later, the map used in the remastered "The Cage" was a Central Intelligence Agency map published either in April 2007 or September 2008.   The difference, which was not noticeable at the resolution of the image from the episode, was the addition of Kosovo, which gained its independence between the releases. The listed countries were those which could be seen in both maps.
|Features from the CIA map|
|Argentina||Buenos Aires||Major cities - Bahía Blanca, Comodoro Rivadavia, Córdoba, La Plata, Mar del Plata, Mendoza, Rosario, San Miguel de Tucumán.|
|Bolivia||La Paz||Major cities - Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Sucre.|
|Brazil||Brasilia||Major cities - Belém, Belo Horizonte, Campinas, Campo Grande, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, João Pessoa, Joinville, Maceió, Manaus, Natal, Pôrto Alegre, Pôrto Velho, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Santos, São Luís, São Paulo, Terresina, Uberlândia, Vitória.|
|Chile||Santiago||Major cities - Antofagasta, Concepción, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas, Valparaiso.|
|Colombia||Bogota||Major cities - Barranquilla, Cali, Cartagena, Cúcuta, Medellin.|
|Ecuador||Quito||Major city - Guayaquil|
|Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)||Stanley||South Atlantic Ocean islands "administered by United Kingdom, claimed by Argentina"|
|French Guiana||Cayenne||A South American territory of France|
|Peru||Lima||Major Cities - Arequipa, Cusco, Iquitos, Trujillo.|
|South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands||South Atlantic Ocean islands "administered by United Kingdom, claimed by Argentina"|
|Venezuela||Caracas||Major cities - Ciudad Guayana, Maracaibo, Valencia.|