Sonic disruption was an application in the field of acoustics which applied the use of ultrasonics to disrupt matter. Such an effect was produced by sonic disruptors on their higher settings, or by certain improvised configurations.

In 2267, Kirk and Spock were able to use two communicators to disrupt a weakness in a cliff face, causing a rockslide. They accomplished the feat by using sound waves to produce a sympathetic vibration on the weak area of the slide. (TOS: "Friday's Child")

Around that same time, most of the actual weaponry in use by the civilization of Eminiar VII operated on this principle. During an attack on the USS Enterprise, the Eminians fired extremely powerful sonic vibrations, at a level of 1812 decibels. The attack would have been successful at sonically disrupting the Enterprise had it not had its screens employed. (TOS: "A Taste of Armageddon")