A ritual was a specialized act or event which was important to a culture, society, sect or individual. Rituals often involved groups of those who believed in what is being ritualized. Chanting, singing, dancing or praying was often involved in performing a ritual.

Many species throughout the galaxy had established rituals for a variety of events. Examples of such species included the Klingons, Vulcans, Humans and Ferengi, to name but a few.

T'Pol once participated in the Vulcan ritual kahs-wan. (ENT: "The Catwalk")

The inhabitants of Kaelon II practiced a ritual known as the Resolution when an individual approached his or her 60th birthday. During the Resolution, a ceremony was held in the person's honor touting the person's accomplishments and their noteworthy achievements. Once the celebration was complete, the individual committed a ritualistic suicide. (TNG: "Half a Life")