The term prosecutor, or prosecuting attorney, referred to one of two attorneys who argued the sides of a case in a court of law. The prosecutor went against the defender in trying to get a ruling against the subject in question.
- Klingon prosecutor Orak participated in the trial against Jonathan Archer in 2153. (ENT: "Judgment")
- Areel Shaw was the prosecutor in the court-martial against Captain James T. Kirk, where he was accused of the wrongful death of Lieutenant Benjamin Finney. (TOS: "Court Martial")
- The Megan known as Asmodeus prosecuted the crew of the original Enterprise as representatives of "evil" Humanity. (TAS: "The Magicks of Megas-Tu")
- General Chang prosecuted Kirk and Dr. McCoy in the Klingon tribunal looking into the death of Chancellor Gorkon. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country)
- In 2313, Tograf, an Acamarian, filed charges against Penthor-Mul subsequent to a Gatherer raid led by this individual on the Tezber outpost. The charges were terrorism, inciting to riot, and engaging in a blood feud. Later that year, Dongren gave the opening arguments in Mul's trial.(TNG: "The Vengeance Factor")
- Phillipa Louvois was prosecutor against Jean-Luc Picard in his court-martial regarding the loss of the USS Stargazer. Later, she served as judge in the trial called to determine Lieutenant Commander Data's status as a lifeform. In that case, Commander William T. Riker was forced to act as prosecutor. (TNG: "The Measure Of A Man")
- Duras unfairly accused and prosecuted Lt. Worf for crimes presumably committed by his father Mogh in the Khitomer Massacre. (TNG: "Sins of the Father")
- Retired Admiral Norah Satie, originally brought in to investigate the suspected sabotage of the USS Enterprise-D's warp core, later became prosecutor of a sort when both Crewman Simon Tarses and Captain Picard were suspected to be Romulan collaborators. (TNG: "The Drumhead")
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