In economics, productivity was the rate at which goods were produced, per unit of labor.
In 2364, the Mordanites of Mordan IV were finally able to come to a state of productivity which satisfied their planetary needs, but no more than that, in the five years that followed the Mordan IV civil war. (TNG: "Too Short a Season")
When the con artist posing as Ardra first appeared to the Ventaxians in 2367, she presented a form containing guidelines "for a full census of the population with emphasis on productivity and economic forecasts" of the planet Ventax II. (TNG: "Devil's Due")