A physio-cultural report was a documented testimonial provided to the United Federation of Planets by a government seeking Federation admission, detailing the environmental, physical, and cultural conditions of the planet.

In the 2260s, the planet Gideon submitted a physio-cultural report to the Federation which made it out to be a virtual paradise. It was later discovered that the report was a lie, and that Gideon suffered from massive overpopulation. (TOS: "The Mark of Gideon")