The oboe is an Earth musical instrument. It is made of wood and has a double reed.
Data played the oboe in a woodwind quintet concert in Ten Forward in 2367. (TNG: "In Theory")
When Captain Jean-Luc Picard played his Ressikan flute, he was sometimes accompanied by an oboe and featured the piece in his Picard Mozart trio. (TNG: "A Fistful of Datas")
Susan Nicoletti of the USS Voyager played the oboe as a hobby. (VOY: "The Thaw")