Major general was a military rank, the equivalent of which was used by the service organizations of many civilizations. As a traditional army flag officer grade, major general was a junior level general rank of a fighting organization, traditionally between the grades of brigadier and lieutenant general. In comparison to naval ranking systems, this rank was equivalent to the naval rear admiral rank.
This grade existed in some form in many cultures' rank arrangements, such as Earth's United States armed forces, and the militaries of Old Britain and Germany. The US Army, US Marine Corps, and US Air Force all signified major generals with the insignia of two five-pointed stars.
Many wonder why major general was considered inferior to lieutenant general when major was superior to lieutenant. The reason was that major general was originally derived from the army grade sergeant-major and was originally "sergeant-major general". Eventually the "sergeant" was dropped from the title.
In the World War II-era German armed forces, the Wehrmacht equivalent of a major general, called Generalleutnant, wore an insignia of gold shoulder knots with a single metal pip. The SS equivalent of Gruppenführer wore insignia of tripled oak leaves with a single metal pip on the uniform lapel.
|Enlisted personnel||Commissioned officers||Generals and flag officers|
|ENS||LT JG||LT||LT CMDR||CMDR||CAPT||FCAPT||CDORE||RADM||VADM||ADM||FADM|
|2nd LT||1st LT||CAPT||MAJ||LT COL||COL||BRIG||MAJ GEN||LT GEN||GEN||MARSHAL|
|Positions:||Crewman • Technician • Chief||YMN||TAC • SO • 3rd • 2nd • 1st • CO • DD||Portmaster • Chief of Staff • CinC|
|Services:|| Andorian • Bajoran • Cardassian • Jem'Hadar • Klingon • Romulan • SS • Terran Empire Starfleet • Terran Empire MACO •|
United Earth MACO • United Earth/Federation Starfleet • United States • Vulcan