After the crew of Deep Space 9 planned to collapse the Bajoran wormhole with a phase-conjugate graviton beam perfected by the Trill Science Ministry, the Bashir-Changeling sabotaged the station's emitter array. This allowed a Dominion fleet into the Alpha Quadrant and removed the threat of the wormhole ever being collapsed. The Changeling later attempted to destroy the Bajoran sun (in order to wipe out the combined Federation, Klingon, and Romulan fleets gathered to do battle with the Dominion) with an explosive device composing of trilithium, tekasite, and protomatter. He was killed before he could destroy the star when his stolen runabout, the USS Yukon, was intercepted by the USS Defiant. (DS9: "In Purgatory's Shadow", "By Inferno's Light")
Background information Edit
Bashir had previously been impersonated by a Changeling who portrayed Krajensky in "The Adversary". In that episode, however, the real Bashir was missing for a matter of hours before his replacement was revealed to be a spy.
Based on the fact that the real Bashir was not wearing the newer uniforms introduced in "Rapture", we can deduce that he had been replaced by a Changeling since at least that episode. This means the Changeling performed surgery on Sisko in "Rapture" and tried to help save the Changeling infant in "The Begotten".
On the other hand, it is also possible that it was acceptable to wear either uniform style during that transitional period, as was seen in the transitional period Star Trek Generations, indicating that he may have been captured after the aforementioned events. However, that is unlikely since all Starfleet officers stationed on DS9 since "Rapture" have been wearing the newer uniforms.
Star Trek tie-in author, Christopher L. Bennett, proposed the following about the Changeling:
Indeed, the timeline doesn't really work out there. The uniform change was in "Rapture", and Bashir was supposedly abducted 37 days before the end of "By Inferno's Light". But there's no way that "Rapture," "The Darkness and the Light", "The Begotten", "For the Uniform", "In Purgatory's Shadow", and "By Inferno's Light" could've all taken place within less than 37 days. According to dialogue, "Darkness" is at least three weeks before "The Begotten," which in turn covers nearly 2 weeks. So that's at least 33 days right there, and the events of "For the Uniform" and the 2-parter cover about a week each, plus however much time might have elapsed between them. (Even if we assumed 26-hour Bajoran days, 37 of those is only 40 Earth days, so that doesn't help.) So Bashir must have been abducted after the uniform change; there's simply no other possibility. The fact that he's in the old uniform is a paradox.
On the other hand, it's stated in dialogue that Kirayoshi was born "less than a month" before "Purgatory." Since the 2-parter takes about a week, that pretty much requires that Bashir was abducted in between "The Darkness and the Light" and "The Begotten". That part can't be finessed, since the dialogue is explicit. On the one hand, Bashir had to be abducted after the uniform change, which creates a plot hole; but on the other hand, Kirayoshi had to be delivered by the changeling impostor, which creates a second plot hole. It's a total mess -- they just didn't think through the timeline carefully when they put in the date references.
But as for this part 'Because if Changeling!Bashir helped to deliver the baby in "The Begotten", then he also did the ultra-delicate brain surgery on Sisko in "Rapture".' Since "Rapture" was significantly more than 37 days before the end of "Inferno," that means it was the real Bashir who did that.