(written from a Production point of view)
James Robert MacKinnon is an Emmy Award-winning makeup artist who was a prosthetic makeup and special makeup effects artist on Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: First Contact, and the video game Star Trek: Starfleet Academy. He was also a special effects makeup artist on J.J. Abrams' Star Trek. He is currently working as make-up effects department head on Star Trek: Discovery along with Glenn Hetrick.
MacKinnon shared an Emmy Award nomination for his work on the DS9 episode "Apocalypse Rising" in 1996 as well as for another episode in 1997, along with the other members of DS9's makeup staff. He has since won an Emmy Award as makeup department head of the FX series Nip/Tuck and was nominated again as key makeup artist on the CBS series CSI: NY.
In addition to his Emmy Awards and nominations, MacKinnon has won two awards from the Hollywood Makeup Artist and Hair Stylist Guild Award for his work on NBC's Providence and another Guild Award for his work on Nip/Tuck. He received two additional nominations from the Guild for Providence as well as a nomination for his makeup effects work in the 1998 film Goodbye Lover.
MacKinnon has worked on two projects for J.J. Abrams, the producer and director of 2009's Star Trek. He was a makeup artist on Abrams' spy series Alias during its third season and more recently was the head of the makeup department on the HBO pilot, Anatomy of Hope, which Abrams executive produced and directed.
Other television series on which MacKinnon has worked include Space: Above and Beyond (for which he was the head of the makeup department), Buffy the Vampire Slayer (as a prosthetic makeup artist during the first season), Sliders (also as a prosthetic makeup artist), Beverly Hills, 90210 (as a key makeup artist for doubles during the fifth season), and Sabrina the Teenage Which (as key special makeup effects artist for six out of the show's seven seasons). In addition, he was a key makeup effects artist on the pilot episode of the UPN series Roswell, executive produced by Jonathan Frakes and starring William Sadler. More recently he was a make-up artist on the first season of Joss Whedon's fantasy series Dollhouse (2009).
His feature film makeup credits include Breast Men (1997, featuring Louise Fletcher, Matt Frewer, Frank Novak, Terry O'Quinn, Raphael Sbarge, and Heidi Swedberg), Halloween H20: 20 Years Later (1998, featuring Matt Winston and working with Thomas E. Surprenant), and Bicentennial Man (1999, featuring Stephen Root and working with Greg Cannom, Joel Harlow, Mike Smithson, Keith VanderLaan, and Brad Wilder). He also worked with Star Trek: The Motion Picture makeup artist Ve Neill on 1997's Batman & Robin (featuring John Glover) before being supervised by Neill on 1999's Stigmata (1999, featuring Ann Cusack, Thomas Kopache, and cinematography by Jeffrey L. Kimball). More recently, MacKinnon worked as a mekeup artist on the thriller Eagle Eye, executive produced by Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci.