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Industrial Light & Magic

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Industrial Light & Magic, or ILM, is a visual effects company. Founded and owned by George Lucas, it was set up to provide effects for his movie Star Wars and quickly became a prolific effects house, working on numerous feature films, including doing visual effects sequences for the following Star Trek productions:

Additionally, many Star Trek films and television episodes featured stock footage from these projects, done by ILM, including:

Industrial Light & Magic, A Division of Lucasfilm Ltd. received credit as special effects company in the end credits of all seven season of Star Trek: The Next Generation. Originally the company was hired only to built the first two Enterprise-D studio models for the TNG pilot "Encounter at Farpoint", but were eventually also contracted to produce the subsequent 69 shots with some 300 elements. (The Official Star Trek: The Next Generation Magazine Vol. 2, p. 38-39)

ILM has provided special visual effects for over three hundred films and television series. In addition to the Star Trek films listed above and the six Star Wars films, their motion picture credits include Raiders of the Lost Ark, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Poltergeist, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Cocoon, Back to the Future and its sequels (starring Christopher Lloyd), Who Framed Roger Rabbit (also starring Christopher Lloyd), Field of Dreams, Ghostbusters II, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, The Abyss, The Hunt for Red October, Total Recall, Die Hard 2, Ghost, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Jurassic Park and its sequels, Forrest Gump, Twister, Mission: Impossible, Men in Black and its sequel, Titanic, Saving Private Ryan, Galaxy Quest, The Mummy, Pearl Harbor, The Bourne Identity, Minority Report, all of the Harry Potter movies, all three Pirates of the Caribbean films, The Day After Tomorrow, The Bourne Supremacy, and the J.J. Abrams-directed Mission: Impossible III. Their current projects include Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and Iron Man for Paramount as well as Speed Racer and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince for Warner Bros. Pictures.

John Knoll is one of the leading members of ILM. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine's visual effects coordinator Judy Elkins worked at ILM as an animator on films such as Raiders of the Lost Ark and Poltergeist. Other past and present members of ILM who worked on Star Trek include Martin Brenneis, Loren Carpenter, Sean Casey, Ed Catmull, Brian Chin, Bob Diepenbrock, John Duncan, Scott Farrar, John Goodson, Mike Fulmer, Steve Gawley, Bill George, Alex Jaeger, Stewart Lew, Jeff Mann, Mark S. Miller, Steve Sanders, and Larry Tan.

In 2005, ILM moved their digital effects departments from Kerner Blvd. in San Rafael, California, to the Presidio in San Francisco. The departments responsible for the physical aspects of ILM's visual effects (models and miniatures, pyrotechnics, etc.) remained in the original San Rafael facility and became their own independent company, Kerner Optical. ILM has a non-exclusive agreement with Kerner Optical which allows the two companies to work together on projects, including 2009's Star Trek. [1]

Star Trek: The Next Generation crew

On the pilot episode "Encounter at Farpoint", the following members of ILM worked on the special effects.

The Wrath of Khan crew

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan are listed below.

The Search for Spock crew

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek III: The Search for Spock are listed below.

The Voyage Home crew

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home are listed below.

The Undiscovered Country crew

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country are listed below.

Generations crew

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek Generations are listed below.

Miniature Crash Sequence Photography Unit

First Contact crew

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek: First Contact are listed below.

Motion Control and Pyrotechnics Unit

According to the Internet Movie Database, Aaron Haye was a modelmaker for ILM on First Contact. This has not been verified, however; if he was involved in the production, he was not credited.

Star Trek (2009) crew

Uncredited crew

Unconfirmed crew

  • Kai Cheng - Digital Artist
  • Ling Chen[2] - Digital Compositor
  • Sam Lee - Digital Artist
  • John M. Levin - Layout Artist
  • Ryan Martin - Technical Assistant
  • Benjamin Mattress - Digital Artist
  • Spencer Reynolds - Clonecam Operator
  • Craig Rowe - Digital Compositor
  • James Soukup - On-Set Matchmover
  • Teh-wei Yeh - Digital Artist

Further reading

  • Industrial Light & Magic: The Art of Special Effects, 1986
  • Industrial Light & Magic: Into the Digital Realm, 1996
  • "The Last Voyage of the Starship 'Enterprise'", Brad Munson, Cinefex, Issue 18, August 1984, pp. 42-68
  • "Humpback to Future", Jody Duncan Shay, Cinefex, Issue 29, February 1987, pp. 4-31
  • "Creating Special Effects for Star Trek: The Next Generation", David Hutchison, The Official Star Trek: The Next Generation Magazine, Vol. 2, December 1987, pp. 26-41
  • "Special Effects The Next Generation", Glenn Campbell & Donna Trotter, Cinefex, Issue 37, February 1989, pp. 4-21
  • "Letting Slip the Dogs of Wars", Kevin H. Martin, Cinefex, Issue 49, February 1992, pp. 38-60
  • "Kirk Out", Kevin H. Martin, Cinefex, Issue 61, March 1995, pp. 62-77
  • "Phoenix Rising", Kevin H. Martin, Cinefex, Issue 69, March 1997, pp. 98-119

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