The Immelmann turn was an aerial maneuver.

In Starfleet Academy, the turn was a demonstration of piloting prowess by cadets. A flight team of cadets would begin with the diamond slot formation, then perfom this turn. (TNG: "The First Duty")

The shrunken USS Rubicon performed a perfect Immelmann turn in 2374 when the runabout approached Worf in the USS Defiant's main engineering. (DS9: "One Little Ship")

The turn, which was not named in "The First Duty", was identified in the Star Trek Encyclopedia (4th ed., vol. 1, p. 360). It was named after the 20th century Earth pilot Max Immelmann.

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