SS Tsiolkovsky bridge emergency hatch

Missing Oberth-class emergency hatch

Bounty evacuation

Emergency hatch of a Klingon Bird-of-Prey

The emergency hatch was a hatch found on the bridges of starships that was used to escape in the case of an emergency.

The crew of the USS Enterprise used the escape hatch on the bridge of the HMS Bounty after the Klingon Bird-of-Prey crashed into San Francisco Bay in 2286. (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home)

While under the influence of the polywater intoxication, the bridge crew of the SS Tsiolkovsky released the emergency hatch of their ship, subsequently blowing them out into space, and to their deaths. (TNG: "The Naked Now")