Earth measurements are used as the standard units of measure used in the United Federation of Planets.
A meter (m) is the fundamental SI unit of length, defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 second.
In the Imperial units system 1 foot ≡ 0.3048 m.
A centimeter (cm) is an SI unit of length equal to 1/100 of a meter.
1 cm ≈ 0.39370 inches.
A kilometer (km) is an SI unit of length equal to one thousand meters.
1 km ≈ 0.62137 miles.
A millimeter (mm) is an SI unit of length equal to 1/1,000 of a meter.
1 mm ≈ 0.03937 inches.
A micron is another name for micrometer (µm), an SI unit of length equal to 1 millionth of a meter (1×10−6 m).
1 mil ≡ 25.4 μm.
A mile (mi) was originally one thousand paces, or 5,000 Roman feet (~4,850 Imperial feet). A later British reform changed the mile to 5,280 Imperial feet so that it would equal eight furlongs.
1 mi ≡ 1.609344 km.
A nautical mile was based on the length of one minute of arc of a great circle.
1 nautical mile = 1852 m (6076.12 ft)
A foot (ft, plural feet) is an Imperial unit of length equal to twelve inches, or one third of a yard.
1 ft ≡ 0.3048 m.
An inch (in) was originally based on the width of the average man's thumb, or the length of three barleycorns. It was later redefined based on SI units.
1 in ≡ 2.54 cm.
(Main Article: Light year)
One light year is the distance that light travels in one Earth year. It is approximately equal to 9.46×1015 meters, or 5.88 ×1012 miles.
A kilogram (kg) is the fundamental SI unit of mass.
In the Imperial units system 1 pound ≡ 0.45359237 kg.
A gram (g) is an SI unit of mass equal to 1/1,000 of a kilogram.
1 ounce ≡ 28.349523 g.
A milligram (mg) is an SI unit of mass equal to 1/1,000 of a gram.
See: Time measurements
A liter (L or l) is a derived SI unit of volume, equal to 1/1,000 cubic meters (1 cubic decimeter).
In the Imperial units system 1 gallon ≡ 4.54609 L (~277.42 cubic inches).
In the US system, 1 gallon ≡ 231 cubic inches ≡ 3.785411784 l.
A milliliter (ml) is an SI unit of volume equal to 1/1,000 of a liter.
In the Imperial system 1 fluid ounce ≡ 28.4130625 ml.
In the US system, 1 fluid ounce ≡ 29.5735295625 ml.
A cc (cubic centimeter, official cm3) is a measure of volume equal to one cubic centimeter (cm), which is also equal to one milliliter (ml). The cc is a common term for milliliter used in measuring the dosage of liquid medicines by volume.
1 cubic inch ≡ 16.387964 ml ≡ 16.387964 cc.
A gross is equal to a dozen dozen.