Latin (lingua latina) was an ancient Human language spoken by the Romans in antiquity. It was also the official language of the Romans. With time Latin evolved to many other languages, such as Italian, Spanish, and French. More than half of the vocabulary of the English language had its origin from French and Latin, and the language was used long after extinction for certain ceremonial purposes, such as mottoes, and the names of certain star systems and planets.
- "Quomodo tua Latinitas est?" ([ˈkʷoːmɔdɔ ˈtuːa laˈtiːnɪtas ɛst]; "How is your Latin?")
- "Praestat quam prius." ([ˈprajstat kʷam ˈpriːʊs]; "It's better than before.")
whereupon the Captain responded:
The holographic Henry Burleigh advised his governess Lucille Davenport, played by Captain Kathryn Janeway: "In ullam rem ne properemus" ([ɪn ʊllam rɛm nɛ prɔpɛˈr eː mʊs]; "Let's not rush into anything"), and asked her whether her Latin was a little rusty when the Captain didn't understand his remark. Janeway admitted that her Latin was indeed a little rusty. (VOY: "Learning Curve")
The holographic Seamus attempted to exorcise the spirit folk (actually the crew of USS Voyager) in 2376 by saying, "Ex labis caelestium sanctorum super ad aures atrorum larvarum mentientium." He followed up by translating the phrase: "From the lips of the heavenly saints above, to the ears of the dark and lying spirits". (VOY: "Spirit Folk")
|Ad Astra per Aspera||"Reach for the Stars Through Adversity"||Earth Starfleet, 2161||ENT: "These Are the Voyages..."|
|Audentes fortuna iuvat||"Fortune favors the bold"||Columbia NX-02||ENT: "Home", "Affliction", "Divergence"|
|Audentes Fortuna Imperii||"The bold (are) the fortune of the empire"||ISS Avenger||ENT: "In a Mirror, Darkly, Part II"|
|Caveat emptor||"Let the buyer beware"||Applied to the Ferengi Alliance tactics by Data"||TNG: "The Last Outpost"|
|Cogito ergo sum||"I think, therefore I am"||Cited by James Moriarty when fighting for the right to exist outside the holodeck.||TNG: "Elementary, Dear Data", "Ship in a Bottle"|
|Deus ex machina||"God from the machine"||Used by Kathryn Janeway to describe her alterations to the Insurrection Alpha holonovel.||VOY: "Worst Case Scenario"|
|Ex luna scientia||"From the moon, knowledge"||NASA||ENT: "First Flight"|
|Ex astris scientia||"From the stars, knowledge"||Starfleet Academy||TNG: "The First Duty"|
|Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges||"In time of war, the law falls silent"||Applied to Section 31 tactics by William Ross||DS9: "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges"|
|Res Gesta Per Excellentiam||"Achievement through excellence"||NASA||ENT: "First Flight"|
|Terra Incognita||"unknown land" (or more poetically, "undiscovered country")||Spoken by James T. Kirk||Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country|
|Tempus fugit||"Time Flees" or "Time Flies"||Spoken by Ducane||VOY: "Relativity"|
Latin-named starships Edit
|Arabic • Dutch • English • Finnish • French • German • Greek • Hawaiian • Hebrew • Hindi • Irish • Italian • Japanese • Latin • Polish • Russian • Scots • Sign language (American Sign Language) • Spanish • Swahili • Welsh • Whale song|
Background information Edit
Several episode titles derive from Latin phrases including:
- TNG: "Sub Rosa" – Literally meaning "Under the rose", an expression meaning "secretly".
Others derive from proverbs or expressions that come to us from Latin-language authors:
- ""Bread and Circuses"" – From Juvenal's Tenth Satire (panem et circenses)
- ""Who Watches The Watchers"" – From Juvenal's Sixth Satire (Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?)
- ""The Die is Cast" – From Suetonius's The Life of the Divine Julius (iacta alea est)
- ""Favor the Bold"" – From Virgil's Aeneid (Audentis Fortuna iuvat, "Fortune favors the bold")
The phrase "better late than never" originated from the Latin-language book A History of Rome, as explained by Icheb in "Human Error", though the original Latin phrase, "potiusque sero quam nunquam", was not used.
Latin often combined with Ancient Greek and Arabic is used to name many stars and space bodies – e.g. Proxima Centauri, Sirius, Vulcan, Cruces system, 61 Cygni etc. It is also used for Earth's Sun, Sol, and Earth itself, "Terra", and other locations within the solar system, e.g. Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards.
James T. Kirk's middle name, Tiberius, is a Latin language name.