Bendii Syndrome was a degenerative neurological illness affecting a minority of elderly Vulcans. Initially it was characterized by wasting, weakness, fatigue, fever, and a gradual but accelerating loss of emotional control, with victims exhibiting sudden bursts of emotion. Diagnosis was made by culturing tissue samples taken from the patient's metathalamus. There was no known treatment, but the disease was the focus of ongoing medical research.
A dangerous side effect of Bendii Syndrome was that the loss of emotional control could be telepathically projected to others. Vulcans were able to resist the emotional projections, but if the afflicted person was in the presence of non-Vulcans the emotions could cause outbreaks of violence. An attending Vulcan telepath can keep these projections under control, but when the sufferer was particularly stressed, the side effect could overwhelm such efforts.