Prior to 2252, Captain Garth of Izar won a major victory at Axanar. A written account of this battle was read by James T. Kirk when he was a cadet at Starfleet Academy. Into the 2260s, this account was required reading at the Academy. (TOS: "Whom Gods Destroy")
Later, while still a cadet, Kirk was on a peace mission to this planet. After the successful completion of this mission, he was awarded the Palm Leaf of Axanar. (TOS: "Court Martial", "Whom Gods Destroy")
Background information Edit
This planet was only mentioned in dialogue.
In the script of "Fight or Flight", the name of this planet was phonetically notated to be pronounced "AX-a-nar".
According to Star Trek: Star Charts (pp. 60 & 66; "United Federation of Planets I") and Stellar Cartography: The Starfleet Reference Library ("Federation Historical Highlights, 2161-2385"), Axanar was located in the Axanar (Epsilon Eridani) system. This binary system with two K-class stars was located in the Beta Quadrant. On May 6, 2151, this system was visited by Enterprise NX-01. In 2378, Axanar was listed as a Federation member.
According to the RPG sourcebook The Federation, Axanar was the first planet in the Delta Orcus system.