This page contains information regarding Star Trek: Discovery, and thus may contain spoilers.
Aboard the USS Discovery in 2256, while trying to convince acting captain Saru that using the spore drive is harmful to Ripper, Michael Burnham tells him that she knows that they are in a crisis situation, and that his species was trained to be cautious. This is offensive to Saru, and he accuses her of treating him like one of her test subjects from a xenoanthropology experiment. (DIS: "Choose Your Pain")
In 2267, a landing party was attacked by anthropoid natives from Taurus II while searching for the missing shuttlecraft Galileo. In a report to Captain James T. Kirk from Lieutenant Kelowitz, Kelowitz stated that he checked with astral anthropology to identify the creatures. In astral anthropology's report, they noted that the creatures were an Order 480-G, anthropoid, and were found to be similar to the lifeforms discovered on Hansen's Planet, only larger. (TOS: "The Galileo Seven")