(written from a Production point of view)
Arthur Bernard (29 September 1919 – 23 January 2001; age 81) was the stage name of Arthur Friedman, who played Apella in "A Private Little War", a second season episode of Star Trek: The Original Series.
Born in Indiana, USA, Bernard received a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology from UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) in 1941, a Master of Arts degree in drama from the University of Southern California in 1947 and a PhD in speech and drama from USC in 1955. In 1948, Bernard began a forty-two year tenure as a professor at the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television, from 1948 to 1990. He taught courses on acting and directing for film and television, as well as broadcasting, sportscasting, and production techniques. Even after retiring in 1990, he continued to be involved in the UCLA community by attending stage productions and participating in campus events and student films.
Bernard wrote, produced and directed various projects for radio, television, and the stage. Among these was the radio series Turning Point, which ran from 1950 through 1965 and featured interviews with over 100 celebrities. He also performed in a number of television and stage productions. Among the latter, he appeared in such plays as Death of a Salesman and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? His sole Broadway performance was in The Eccentricities of Davey Crockett, one of three segments of Ballet Ballads, in 1948.
Besides Star Trek, other television shows Bernard appeared on were Cimarron Strip (in an episode with Seymour Cassel), Mannix (with Leslie Parrish, Michael Pataki, William Windom), Lancer (co-starring Barbara Luna), and 240-Robert (starring Joanna Cassidy). He also had roles in the acclaimed mini-series Rich Man, Poor Man (co-starring Kim Darby, Fionnula Flanagan, Roy Jenson, Leigh J. McCloskey, Gavan O'Herlihy, and Lawrence Pressman) and War and Remembrance (featuring Ian Abercrombie, Steven Berkoff, John Rhys-Davies, Lawrence Dobkin, Bruce French, Byron Morrow, Glenn Morshower, George Murdock, Charles Napier and William Schallert) and the TV movies My Father's House (1975, with Rosemary Forsyth and Gail Strickland) and The Girl, the Gold Watch & Everything (1980, with Larry Hankin and Jill Ireland).
Bernard died in Los Angeles, California, in 2001. He had just completed filming an appearance as an elderly jogger on the 2001 comedy The Animal, his first and only feature film credit.