In the mid-24th century, a hospital on this world permitted its medical staff to perform DNA resequencing, a type of genetic engineering, on their patients. This medical procedure was considered illegal in the Federation.
In 2348, seven-year-old Julian Bashir was taken by his parents, Richard and Amsha Bashir, to Adigeon Prime to undergo accelerated critical neural pathway formation. There, the young Bashir's brain was genetically modified, leading to mental and well as physical enhancement. (DS9: "Doctor Bashir, I Presume")