For information about Star Trek related events in the 19th century, please see the early production history.

The 19th century was defined by the calendar of Earth as occurring from the year 1801 through the year 1900.

Events Edit

Dukat stated that the Cardassian system of government had been in place for more than five hundred years.
The United States Military Academy at West Point is founded on Earth. The institution later provides education for United Earth MACO officers. (ENT: "Hatchery")
The Battle of Trafalgar is fought. On Earth, the current world powers Spain, France, and Great Britain fight this battle, in which an ancestor of Jean-Luc Picard takes part. The British Royal Navy, led by Horatio Nelson aboard the HMS Victory, destroys a combined French and Spanish fleet. (TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds"; Star Trek Generations)
Wu is born on Omega IV. (TOS: "The Omega Glory")
In the holoprogram Paris 042, Sullivan's pub is established in Fair Haven, Ireland. (VOY: "Fair Haven")
Napoléon Bonaparte reaches the height of his conquests in Europe. His exploits are viewed over 450 years later by the alien Trelane via a long-range observation telescope. (TOS: "The Squire of Gothos")
In "The Squire of Gothos", Captain Kirk incorrectly stated that Trelane was viewing the events of "nine hundred years past", meaning that Star Trek: The Original Series would be taking place in the 28th century instead of the 23rd.
Napoleon's armies are finally defeated by the British-Prussian-Dutch alliance in the Battle of Waterloo. (VOY: "The Thaw")
Writer John Keats dies in the city of Rome on Earth. The famous poet's premature death was brought on by an entity named Onaya, who helped Keats find his creative voice while feeding on his neural energy. (DS9: "The Muse")
Birth of the scientist Louis Pasteur. (TOS: "What Are Little Girls Made Of?"; DS9: "Distant Voices")
William Herschel dies. (VOY: "Future's End")
Birth of noted Earth author and humorist Samuel L. Clemens.
Following Texas' declaration of independence, Mexican forces led by General Santa Anna surround the Alamo, an old Spanish mission housing 188 Texan "rebels", led by Colonels Davy Crockett, William B. Travis, and Jim Bowie. On March 6, 1836, after a thirteen-day siege, Santa Anna attacks the mission. Despite a heroic effort by the Texans, Santa Anna is ultimately victorious in eliminating all of the Texan rebels in what history would later remember as the Battle of the Alamo. (DS9: "Wrongs Darker Than Death or Night", "Once More Unto the Breach", et al)
Launch of the Sea Witch. (ENT: "Horizon"; VOY: "11:59")
Around the 1850s 
The Suliban homeworld becomes uninhabitable, forcing its population to leave. (ENT: "Detained"): Several mining operations take place around the area of San Francisco. (TNG: "Time's Arrow, Part II")
A couple marry on Vega Reticuli. On their three hundreth wedding anniversary in 2152, they go to Risa and meet Jonathan Archer. (ENT: "Two Days and Two Nights")
Abe Lincoln wins election

Voters celebrate Lincoln's victory in 1860

Abraham Lincoln wins the presidential election. (TOS: "The City on the Edge of Forever")
By this point, the Vulcans have rebuilt their society and resumed interstellar travel. (ENT: "The Forge")
Soval says that it took his people "nearly 1,500 years" to rebuild their world and reach for the stars after the Time of Awakening in 370 AD.
circa 1852
The Kreetassans planted a stand of Alvera trees in the capital city of Kreetassa. (ENT: "A Night in Sickbay")
A group of Humans are abducted from Western North America by the Skagarans, an alien species, who want to enslave their captives. The Humans are brought to a M-class planet inside the Delphic Expanse where they soon overwhelm their oppressors and start to rebuild their society by founding a Western-like colony. (ENT: "North Star")
The date of the Humans' abduction is given indirectly as "forty years before the first flight of the Wright brothers," placing it around 1863.
The Ux-Mal exile hundreds of criminals to a moon of Mab-Bu VI. Their consciousness is separated from their bodies, and left adrift to suffer in the moon's intense electromagnetic storms. (TNG: "Power Play")
The Saloon is established. (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home)
1861 to 1865
American Civil War: The US is divided over the issue of slavery, leading to the secession of the southern states and the Civil War in the 1860s. Under the political leadership of Abraham Lincoln, with a military led by Ulysses S. Grant, the Union is preserved and slavery is abolished within the nation. (TOS: "The Savage Curtain"; VOY: "Death Wish", "The Q and the Grey")
Victor Hugo's Les Misérables is published. (DS9: "For the Uniform")
Sisters of Hope Infirmary is established in San Francisco. (TNG: "Time's Arrow, Part II")
Thaddius Riker

Thaddius Riker in 1864

June, 1864 
The Battle of Pine Mountain is fought during Sherman's March on Atlanta. Thaddius Riker, an ancestor of William T. Riker, is rescued by Quinn, a member of the Q Continuum, after being injured on a battlefield in the American Civil War. (VOY: "Death Wish")
San Francisco is struck by an earthquake. (TNG: "Time's Arrow, Part II")
September 21, 1866 
Birth of H.G. Wells (DS9: "Far Beyond the Stars"; VOY: "The 37's"; ENT: "Similitude")
The composer Johannes Brahms, living in the city of Vienna, Austria, writes some of his most well-known musical pieces. Nearly four hundred years later, Flint claims that he once lived as Brahms and was responsible for these accomplishments. (TOS: "Requiem for Methuselah")
Colt Firearms introduces the Colt .45 caliber double-action cavalry pistol. (TNG: "Time's Arrow")
October 26, 1881 
The infamous gunfight at the OK Corral is fought in Tombstone, Arizona on Earth. The event forever defines the violence and lawlessness which becomes associated with the Ancient West. (TOS: "Spectre of the Gun")
The Orient Express, a transcontinental railroad on Earth, begins service between Paris and Istanbul. (TNG: "Emergence")
1888 – 1891 
The Redjac entity, incarnated as "Jack the Ripper", kills seventeen women in London on Earth. (TOS: "Wolf in the Fold")
Samuel Clemens receives a pocket watch. (TNG: "Time's Arrow")
This is the setting for many of the Sherlock Holmes novels and short stories. (TNG: "Elementary, Dear Data")
Early 1890s 
Guinan is present on Earth. (TNG: "Time's Arrow")
August, 1893 
A group of shapeshifters from Devidia II uses a cholera epidemic on Earth as cover to kill Humans in order to steal their neural energy. Data is accidentally thrown back in time to here and attempts to stop Samuel Clemens from revealing information about him and disrupting the timeline. Crewmembers from the USS Enterprise-D follow the Devidians back in time from the 24th century to stop them. (TNG: "Time's Arrow")
Data's head is accidentally blasted off by the cane that let the Devidians travel through time, and is left there until 2368 with a message from Picard. (TNG: "Time's Arrow, Part II")
Samuel Clemens owns a Colt .45 which is lost in time under San Francisco, only to be later discovered in the 24th century. (TNG: "Time's Arrow", "Time's Arrow, Part II")

Background information Edit

According to the Star Trek Encyclopedia (3rd ed., pp. 34-35, 42, 75, 78, 82, 94, 95, 121, 126, 127, 129, 160, 161, 167, 197, 225, 257, 274, 275, 276, 291, 298, 306, 333, 341, 362, 375, 432, 433, 469, 588, & 680), the following events occur in this century:

18th century Timeline 20th century

Appendices Edit

19th century productions Edit

External links Edit